updated: 23 August 2007


In its pejorative use, 'Japanisation' refers to the individualisation of work contracts and the intensification of work.
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Job design
Job design is a concept similar to the organisation of work except that it has a narrower referent, a job, rather than a whole production process.
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Job enrichment
Job enrichment refers to the process of rendering jobs less monotonous and the worker more productive by extending the responsibilities of a job. It is often used as a synonym of multi-tasking . Typically, enriched jobs integrate to various degrees the execution of tasks with quality control.
Job rotation
Job rotation has two distinct meanings. Most commonly it refers to the regular alternation of jobs among employees of the same company in order to increase the variability of work and to enrich the worker's skills. As a labour market policy measure first developed in Denmark it means the alternation of jobs between an unemployed person and a worker on (maternity, training) leave, or the sharing of one job by two workers (also known as 'job-sharing').
Job-demand control balance
The term 'job-demand control balance' refers to two central parts of the psychosocial work environment: demand and control.
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Just-in-time production (JIT)
Just-in-time production (JIT) describes a system of work organisation originating in Japan that aims to fine-tune the pace and content of production in response to small changes in demand, thus avoiding the cost of stockpiling that more traditional systems rely on to meet demand fluctuations.
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