updated: 23 August 2007


 

Nearshoring
'Nearshoring' is one of many recently coined terms designed to help distinguish between different forms of offshore outsourcing or 'offshoring'.
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Neo-Fordism
Neo-Fordism is used to describe a modern version of Fordism , applied to knowledge-based production. It refers to a system of labour relations that, while incorporating post-Fordist features ( e.g. teamworking ), remains essentially Fordist (by precluding any autonomy of the teams). Often used as a synonym of neo-Taylorism .
 
Neo-Taylorism
The term 'neo-Taylorism' was coined to refer to a modern version of Taylorism , applied to knowledge-based production. It refers to an organisation of work that, while incorporating post-Taylorist features (e.g. reprogrammable technology, skilled workers), remains essentially Taylorist (by preventing worker initiative and intensifying rather than upgrading). Often used as a synonym of neo-Fordism.
 
Non-standard work forms
Regular employment is generally linked to the image of work as a full-time, life-long employment relationship in a secure job with benefits.
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Numerical flexibility
Numerical flexibility, also referred to as 'quantitative flexibility', refers to the ability of a company to modify the quantity of labour inputs in response to changes in demand or technology. The quantity of labour inputs can be varied either by changing the number of those employed (staffing levels) or by changing the working time of those employed (overtime, flexitime). Methods to adapt staffing levels include contracting temporary employees, hiring personnel from temporary work agencies, or using sub-contracting manufacturers and entrepreneurs.
See also peripheral workforce.