updated: 23 August 2007


Wage determination
Wages are fixed in a contract between worker and employee which can be part of a blanket agreement from sector level negotiations, company level agreements, individual level agreements or a mixture of the three.
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Wage Level
The wage level can be defined at several different levels: Marginal Survival Wage (Wage level does not provide for adequate nutritional needs.); Basic Survival Wage (Wage level allows for meeting immediate survival needs ); Short Range Planning Wage (Allows for occasional purchase of needed item(s) as small amounts can be set aside after meeting basic survival needs); Sustainable Living Wage (Wage level meets basic needs including food, clothing, housing, energy, transportation, health care, and education.
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Wage structure
There are three primary but related meanings for the term 'wage structure', all connected with the operation of systems of wage payment.
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The term 'wages' refers to the earnings or take home pay of a manual worker, as distinct from the ' salary' of a non-manual worker. Wages usually denote weekly payment. Manual workers are sometimes referred to as wage earners to differentiate them from white-collar or professional salary earners
Work environment
'Work Environment' is a holistic term describing three central aspects of the workplace: the physical, organisational and psycho-social.
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Work place democracy
This term refers to the degree to which a worker can influence his or her working conditions through individual and collective action either formally or informally. This includes, but is not necessarily limited to, collective bargaining , unionisation, freedom of speech regarding working conditions, representation in various councils and formal bodies of the organisation (from board level to safety committees).
Work process knowledge
Employees having 'work process knowledge' have not only acquired knowledge through the execution of their own tasks, but also a broader knowledge and comprehension of the context/production process of which their task is a part.
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Work related illnesses and complaints
See also Physical Health Issues and Psychological complaints
This term refers to all illnesses and complaints that are wholly or partially caused by exposure to harmful working conditions, usually over a sustained period of time.
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Work-life balance
Work-life balance can be defined as an individual's attempt to find suitable time arrangements and time options that allow the best possible coordination of the requirements of work with the time requirements of personal life.
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Working conditions
'Working conditions' is a term describing the conditions under which an employee works. There are two major forms of working conditions; contractual affiliation and work environment . Both forms of working conditions tend to have a direct effect on health and safety issues.
Working time flexibility
One of the areas of flexibility that affects the work life of employees, flexibility of working time is usually understood as the employers´ efforts to introduce new working time arrangements in the use and deployment of labour to respond to economic fluctuations.
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Workplace segregation
See Labour market segregation